Example of useMediaQuery() Custom hook in React.js

Example of useMediaQuery() Custom hook in React.js

Here's how to create a useMediaQuery() hook in React. It allows you to display components differently based on the screen size or media query:

import { useState, useEffect } from 'react';

const useMediaQuery = (query) => {
  const [matches, setMatches] = useState(false);

  useEffect(() => {
    const mediaQuery = window.matchMedia(query);

    // Update matches state when media query matches or unmatches
    const handleChange = (event) => {

    // Add listener for changes to the media query

    // Set initial state

    // Cleanup function to remove listener when component unmounts
    return () => {
  }, [query]);

  return matches;

export default useMediaQuery;

You can use this useMediaQuery hook in your components to conditionally render components based on the viewport size or media query. Here's how you can use it:

import React from 'react';
import useMediaQuery from './useMediaQuery'; // Assuming you've placed the hook in a separate file

const MyComponent = () => {
  const isMobile = useMediaQuery('(max-width: 768px)');

  return (
      <h1>Media Query Example</h1>
      {isMobile ? (
        <p>This is a mobile device.</p>
      ) : (
        <p>This is not a mobile device.</p>

export default MyComponent;

In this example:

  • We create the MyComponent function.

  • We use the useMediaQuery hook to check if the screen size is 768px wide or less.

  • This hook gives us a true or false value (isMobile) based on the screen size.

  • Depending on isMobile, we show a message saying either it's a mobile device or it's not.

This useMediaQuery hook makes creating responsive designs in React components easier by removing the need to repeatedly write code for media queries. It helps in reusing code and makes components simpler and clearer.

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