What is a JavaScript callback function? Give an Examples

What is a JavaScript callback function? Give an Examples

Sam: Asking about JavaScript callback functions

Lingaraj: Now, giving that answer,

As you know, in JavaScript, a callback function is a function that is passed as an argument to another function and is executed after the completion of some asynchronous operation or a certain event. Callback functions are commonly used in scenarios such as handling asynchronous operations, event handling, and in functions like setTimeout or setInterval.

Here are some examples to illustrate the use of callback functions:

1. Callbacks for Asynchronous Operations:

// Simulating an asynchronous operation with setTimeout
function fetchData(callback) {
  setTimeout(() => {
    const data = 'Some fetched data';
  }, 2000); // Simulating a 2-second delay

// Callback function to handle the fetched data
function handleData(data) {
  console.log('Data received:', data);

// Using the fetchData function with a callback

2. Callbacks for Event Handling:

// Simulating an event listener with a callback
function buttonClickHandler(callback) {
  // Simulating a button click event
  console.log('Button clicked!');

// Callback function for the button click event
function handleButtonClick() {
  console.log('Handling button click...');

// Using the buttonClickHandler function with a callback

3. Callbacks in Array Methods:

// Using forEach with a callback
const numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];

function logNumber(number) {


// Using map with a callback to transform array elements
const squaredNumbers = numbers.map(function (number) {
  return number * number;

console.log('Squared numbers:', squaredNumbers);

4. Callbacks in Promises:

// Using a Promise with a callback function
const fetchDataPromise = new Promise(function (resolve, reject) {
  setTimeout(() => {
    const data = 'Some fetched data';
  }, 2000); // Simulating a 2-second delay

// Handling the resolved value with a callback
fetchDataPromise.then(function (data) {
  console.log('Data received:', data);


These examples demonstrate different scenarios where callback functions are commonly used. Callbacks are a fundamental concept in JavaScript, especially in asynchronous programming, and they provide a way to handle operations that might take some time to complete or respond to events.

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