A tutorial on producing an EXE file from Python code on Windows. That means here you have to produce a Windows EXE executable from your Python code.
If you’re a developer who wants to share his or her work with friends or community members who don’t have a technical or programming background, or with friends who want to perform a specific task (that your code can solve) without having to install or code any IDE, then sharing an EXE file on Windows is your best option.
Let’s look at a complete end-to-end method for creating an EXE file from Python code.
So, let’s get started. To convert Python to EXE, we’ll be utilising auto-py-to-exe, an open-source Python programme.
The most basic need for installing auto-py-to-exe is that we have Python and pip installed on our developer desktop.
On our command-line shell, run the command pip install auto-py-to-exe to complete the installation.
After we’ve installed it, we can run auto-py-to-exe directly from the command line to see the results.
We’ll develop a GUI in Python using minimal code and convert it to EXE as soon as possible. For your convenience, I’ve included the code below.
# creating a Login GUI using Py simple GUI #import module Pysimple Gui and named as SG import PySimpleGUI as sg # determined the theme for your GUI # there are about 8 themes given in pysimple GUI you can get detailes on that by running # "sg.theme_previewer()" sg.theme('DarkAmber') #determined font for the GUI font = ("Times New Roman", 20) #creating a Layout for our GUI layout = [ [sg.Text("A simple login UI Example.",size=(68, 2), justification='centre', font=font)], [sg.Text('Enter username : ',size=(20, 1),justification='centre', font=font), sg.InputText(size=(28, 1),enable_events=True, key="-USR-", font=font)], [sg.Text('Enter password : ',size=(20, 1),justification='centre', font=font), sg.InputText(size=(28, 1),enable_events=True, key="-PSS-", font=font, password_char='*')], [sg.Button('LOGIN',size=(34, 1), font=font,key="-LGN-"),sg.Button('Exit',size=(34,1),font=font)] ] # Create the window window = sg.Window("Title is given here", layout,enable_close_attempted_event=True,finalize=True) #the string is pointed to the title of the UI #finalize=True determines that the layout is not going to changed at further default it is false #setting it true lets you editing the values of buttons, textbox or even the text field saved_once = False # Create an event loop while True: # adding events to window. event, values = window.read() # creating an event for upload button. if event == "-LGN-" : #getting values from text box. usr_nm = str(values["-USR-"]) pass_ss = str(values["-PSS-"]) if usr_nm == '': # check for username field. sg.popup('Notice!!',"username is empty !!") continue elif pass_ss == '': # check for password field. sg.popup('Notice!!',"password field is empty!!") continue # creating an event for exit button elif (event == sg.WINDOW_CLOSE_ATTEMPTED_EVENT or event == 'Exit') and sg.popup_yes_no('Do you really want to exit?') == 'Yes': #if the user select exit this loop will be ended break window.close()
Simply add your Python script path to the auto-py-to-exe package, as seen in the screenshot below.
After you’ve finished specifying the script location, click the blue coloured label button, then pick the output destination as seen in the screenshot below.
When you click “CONVERT.PY TO EXE,” the following window will appear:
You’ll have your running GUI EXE file once you open the output file:
The output will look something like this:
Note: Make sure you have pip installed all of the python packages and libraries required in the python script, as auto-py-to-exe will aggregate all of the libraries accessible on the current machine and generate an EXE file later. If you don’t do this, the EXE file will raise an error saying “no module found” when it’s run on another machine (with the name of the relevant library).