Docker Staging means with example

Docker Staging means with example

Docker staging means using several Docker images or stages during the build process to handle different tasks, like building and compiling code or running the application. The goal is to make a more efficient and secure Docker image by only having the needed parts for runtime in the final stage, while keeping build dependencies separate in an earlier stage.

Here's an example of how you might structure a Dockerfile with multi-stage builds for a Node.js application:

# Stage 1: Build Stage
FROM node:14 as builder

WORKDIR /app

# Copy only the package.json and package-lock.json first to leverage Docker caching
COPY package*.json ./

# Install dependencies
RUN npm install

# Copy the rest of the application code
COPY . .

# Build the application
RUN npm run build

# Stage 2: Final Stage
FROM node:14-alpine

WORKDIR /app

# Copy only the necessary files from the build stage
COPY --from=builder /app/dist ./dist
COPY --from=builder /app/node_modules ./node_modules
COPY --from=builder /app/package*.json ./

# Expose the application port
EXPOSE 3000

# Start the application
CMD ["npm", "start"]

In this example:

  • Stage 1 (Build Stage):

    • Uses a Node.js base image (node:14) to build the application.

    • Copies only the package.json and package-lock.json files first to take advantage of Docker caching.

    • Installs dependencies, copies the rest of the application code, and builds the application.

  • Stage 2 (Final Stage):

    • Uses a smaller Node.js Alpine image (node:14-alpine) as the final image.

    • Copies only the necessary artifacts from the build stage, including the dist directory, node_modules, and relevant package.json files.

    • Exposes the application port and defines the default command to start the application.

Benefits of using Docker staging with multi-stage builds:

  1. Reduced Image Size:

    • The final image only contains the runtime artifacts, resulting in a smaller and more efficient image.
  2. Improved Security:

    • Build tools and dependencies used during the build stage are isolated and not included in the final image, reducing the attack surface.
  3. Faster Builds:

    • Docker can reuse previously cached layers during subsequent builds, making the build process faster.
  4. Separation of Concerns:

    • Clear separation between build and runtime stages makes the Dockerfile more readable and maintainable.

To build the Docker image using this Dockerfile, you would use the following command:

docker build -t your-image-name .

This setup lets you enjoy the advantages of Docker staging and makes sure your final image is best suited for running.

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