A Python module and command-line tool for working with Fortran name-lists

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Today I am going to explain to you one of the GitHub repositories Python module and command-line tool for working with Fortran name-lists.


A Python module and command line tool for parsing Fortran namelist files.

f90nml is a Python module and command line tool that provides a simple interface for the reading, writing, and modifying Fortran namelist files.

A namelist file is parsed and converted into an Namelist object, which behaves like a standard Python dict. Values are converted from Fortran data types to equivalent primitive Python types.

The command line tool f90nml can be used to modify individual values inside of a shell environment. It can also be used to convert the data between namelists and other configuration formats. JSON and YAML formats are currently supported.

Quick usage guide:

To read a namelist file sample.nml which contains the following namelists:

   input = 'wind.nc'
   steps = 864
   layout = 8, 16
   visc = 1.0e-4
   use_biharmonic = .false.

we would use the following script:

import f90nml
nml = f90nml.read('sample.nml')

which would would point nml to the following dict:

nml = {
    'config_nml': {
        'input': 'wind.nc',
        'steps': 864,
        'layout': [8, 16],
        'visc': 0.0001,
        'use_biharmonic': False

File objects can also be used as inputs:

with open('sample.nml') as nml_file:
    nml = f90nml.read(nml_file)

To modify one of the values, say steps, and save the output, just manipulate the nml contents and write to disk using the write function:

nml['config_nml']['steps'] = 432

Namelists can also be saved to file objects:

with open('target.nml') as nml_file:

To modify a namelist but preserve its comments and formatting, create a namelist patch and apply it to a target file using the patch function:

patch_nml = {'config_nml': {'visc': 1e-6}}
f90nml.patch('sample.nml', patch_nml, 'new_sample.nml')

Command-line interface:

A command line tool is provided to manipulate namelist files within the shell:

$ f90nml config.nml -g config_nml -v steps=432

   input = 'wind.nc'
   steps = 432
   layout = 8, 16
   visc = 1.0e-4
   use_biharmonic = .false.

See the documentation for details.


f90nml is available on PyPI and can be installed via pip:

$ pip install f90nml

The latest version of f90nml can be installed from source:

$ git clone https://github.com/marshallward/f90nml.git
$ cd f90nml
$ pip install .

Package distribution

f90nml is not distributed through any official packaging tools, but it is available on Arch Linux via the AUR:

$ git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/python-f90nml.git
$ cd python-f90nml
$ makepkg -sri

Volunteers are welcome to submit and maintain f90nml on other distributions.

Local install

Users without install privileges can append the --user flag to pip from the top f90nml directory:

$ pip install --user .

If pip is not available, then setup.py can still be used:

$ python setup.py install --user

When using setup.py locally, some users have reported that --prefix= may need to be appended to the command:

$ python setup.py install --user --prefix=

YAML support

The command line tool offers support for conversion between namelists and YAML formatted output. If PyYAML is already installed, then no other steps are required. To require YAML support, install the yaml extras package:

$ pip install f90nml[yaml]

To install as a user:

$ pip install --user .[yaml]



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Lingaraj Senapati

Hey There! I am Lingaraj Senapati, the Founder of lingarajtechhub.com My skills are Freelance, Web Developer & Designer, Corporate Trainer, Digital Marketer & Youtuber.

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